Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]
|Basis Of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION and Significant Accounting Policies
Description of Business
FTE Networks, Inc. (collectively with its subsidiaries, “FTE” or the “Company” is a leading provider of innovative technology-oriented solutions for smart platforms, network infrastructure and buildings throughout the United States across a range of industries. The Company’s primary activities include the engineering, building, installation, maintenance and support solutions for state-of-the-art networks and commercial properties and the following services, data center infrastructure, fiber optics, wireless integration, network engineering, internet service provider, general contracting management and general contracting.
On April 20, 2017, FTE acquired Benchmark Builders, Inc. (“Benchmark” or “Predecessor”). Benchmark is a full-service general contracting management and general contracting firm in the New York metropolitan area. See Note 4. The Company and Benchmark operate in similar segments. Audited predecessor financial statements have been provided in these consolidated financial statements since the operations of the company before the acquisition of Benchmark were insignificant relative to the operations acquired.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual audited consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 is derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date. Because certain information and footnote disclosures have been condensed or omitted, these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017 contained in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2017 Form 10-K”). In management’s opinion, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented have been included. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Interim period operating results do not necessarily indicate the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full fiscal year. The Company believes that the disclosures made in these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements are adequate to make the information not misleading.
The Company operates in two segments in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 280 “Segments”, (“ASC No. 280”). Operating segments as defined in ASC No. 280, are components of public entities that engage in business activities from which they may earn revenues and incur expenses for which separate financial information is available and which is evaluated regularly by the Company’s chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) in deciding how to assess performance and allocate resources. The two primary segments are the infrastructure segment and technology segment. The Company is reporting as one segment per ASC No. 280 as the revenue, profit and loss, and assets of the technology segment are immaterial.
There have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies and critical accounting estimates described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U. S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. These estimates and judgments are based on historical information, information that is currently available to the Company and on various other assumptions that the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Key estimates include: the recognition of revenue and project profit or loss (which the Company defines as project revenue less project costs of revenue, including project-related depreciation), in particular, on construction contracts accounted for under the percentage-of-completion method, for which the recorded amounts require estimates of costs to complete projects, ultimate project profit and the amount of probable contract price adjustments as inputs; allowances for doubtful accounts; estimated fair values of acquired assets; asset lives used in computing depreciation and amortization; share-based compensation; other reserves and accruals; accounting for income taxes. While management believes that such estimates are reasonable when considered in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations taken as a whole, actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
Balance Sheet Classifications
The Company includes in current assets and liabilities retainage receivable and payable under construction contracts that may extend beyond one year. A one-year time period is used as the basis for classifying all other current assets and liabilities.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
The Company adopted ASC No. 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASC No. 606”) with a date of initial application of January 1, 2018. As a result, the Company has updated its accounting policy for revenue recognition to reflect the new standard, see Note 3. The adoption of ASC No. 606 represents a change in accounting principle that will more closely align revenue recognition with the delivery of the Company's services and will provide financial statement readers with enhanced disclosures. The Company applied ASC No. 606 using the modified retrospective method. The Company has elected to apply this initial application of the standard only to contracts that are not completed at the date of initial application. For contracts which were modified before the adoption date, the Company has not restated the contract for those modifications. Instead, the Company reflected the aggregate effect of all modifications when identifying the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations, determining the transaction price and allocating the transaction price, if necessary. The cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard would be applied as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The Company has analyzed this effect and found the adoption of the new guidance did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and its recognition is consistent with the historical accounting policies. As such, comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments.” ASU 2016-15 clarifies and provides specific guidance on eight cash flow classification issues that are not currently addressed in U.S. GAAP and will thereby reduce the current diversity in practice. ASU 2016-15 is effective for public business entities for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early application permitted. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2018 without a material impact on its financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” (“ASU 2016-02”). The standard requires a lessee to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for leases with lease terms greater than 12 months. The standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, the effective date for the Company is January 1, 2019, with early application permitted. The adoption will require a modified retrospective approach for leases that exist or are entered after the beginning of the earliest period presented. The Company is currently evaluating the standard to determine the impact of the adoption on the consolidated financial statements.
Net Loss Per Common Share
Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders (the numerator) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period (the denominator). Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period adjusted for the dilutive effects of common stock equivalents (the denominator). In periods when losses are reported, the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding excludes common stock equivalents because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive. The Company incurred losses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.
The Company had the following common stock equivalents:
The above table excludes any common shares related to the convertible debt since such debt is only convertible at the then prevailing market price upon default.
The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was (5.8) % and zero %, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company calculated income tax expense based upon an annual effective tax rate forecast adjusted for discrete items that specifically relate to the interim period. Changes in tax laws or rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized as discrete items in the interim period that includes the enactment date.
The change in the effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2018 is due to the Company’s recognition of a deferred tax liability as of March 31, 2018. The deferred tax liability is related to goodwill, which was assigned an indefinite life for book purposes, also knows as a “naked credit” in the amount of $1.1 million at March 31, 2018.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Act") was enacted in December 2017. Among other things, the Act reduces the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 34 percent to 21 percent, eliminates the alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) for corporations, and creates a one-time deemed repatriation of profits earned outside of the U.S. The reduction of the corporate tax rate resulted in a write-down of the gross deferred tax asset of approximately $4.7 million as of December 31, 2017, and a corresponding write-down of the valuation allowance. No further adjustments relating to tax reform were required for the three months ended March 31, 2018.