Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies||
NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of Business
FTE Networks, Inc. (collectively with its subsidiaries, “FTE” or the “Company”) is a leading provider of innovative technology-oriented solutions for smart platforms, network infrastructure and buildings throughout the United States across a range of industries. The Company’s primary activities include the engineering, building, installation, maintenance and support solutions for state-of-the-art networks and commercial properties and the following services, data center infrastructure, fiber optics, wireless integration, network engineering, internet service provider, general contracting management and general contracting.
On April 20, 2017, FTE acquired Benchmark Builders, Inc. (“Benchmark” or “Predecessor”). Benchmark is a full-service general contracting management and general contracting firm in the New York metropolitan area. See Note 4. The Company and Benchmark operate in similar segments. Unaudited predecessor financial statements have been provided in these condensed consolidated financial statements since the operations of the Company before the acquisition of Benchmark were insignificant relative to the operations acquired.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual audited consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017, is derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date. Because certain information and footnote disclosures have been condensed or omitted, these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017, contained in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2017 Form 10-K”). The condensed consolidated financial statements include the Predecessor financial statements for the period of January 1, 2017, through March 31, 2017, the activity for the period from April 1, 2017 through April 20, 2017 was not material. In management’s opinion, all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented have been included.
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Interim period operating results do not necessarily indicate the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full fiscal year. The Company believes that the disclosures made in these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements are adequate to make the information not misleading.
The Company operates in two segments in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 280 “Segment Reporting”, (“ASC No. 280”). Operating segments as defined in ASC No. 280, are components of public entities that engage in business activities from which they may earn revenues and incur expenses for which separate financial information is available and which is evaluated regularly by the Company’s chief operating decision maker in deciding how to assess performance and allocate resources. The two primary segments are the infrastructure segment and technology segment. The Company is reporting as one segment per ASC No. 280 as the revenue, profit and loss, and assets of the technology segment are immaterial.
There have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies and critical accounting estimates described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U. S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. These estimates and judgments are based on historical information, information that is currently available to the Company and on various other assumptions that the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Key estimates include: the recognition of revenue and project profit or loss (which the Company defines as project revenue less project costs of revenue, including project-related depreciation), in particular, on construction contracts accounted for under the percentage-of-completion method, for which the recorded amounts require estimates of costs to complete projects, ultimate project profit and the amount of probable contract price adjustments as inputs; allowances for doubtful accounts; estimated fair values of acquired assets; asset lives used in computing depreciation and amortization; share-based compensation; other reserves and accruals; accounting for income taxes. While management believes that such estimates are reasonable when considered in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations taken as a whole, actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
Balance Sheet Classifications
The Company includes in current assets and liabilities retainage receivable and payable under construction contracts that may extend beyond one year. A one-year time period is used as the basis for classifying all other current assets and liabilities.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
The Company adopted ASC No. 606, “Revenue From Contracts with Customers” (“ASC No. 606”) with a date of initial application of January 1, 2018. As a result, the Company has updated its accounting policy for revenue recognition to reflect the new standard, see Note 3. The adoption of ASC No. 606 represents a change in accounting principle that will more closely align revenue recognition with the delivery of the Company’s services and will provide financial statement readers with enhanced disclosures. The Company applied ASC No. 606 using the modified retrospective method. The Company has elected to apply this initial application of the standard only to contracts that are not completed at the date of initial application. For contracts which were modified before the adoption date, the Company has not restated the contract for those modifications. Instead, the Company reflected the aggregate effect of all modifications when identifying the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations, determining the transaction price and allocating the transaction price, if necessary. The cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard would be applied as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The Company has analyzed this effect and found the adoption of the new guidance did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and its recognition is consistent with the historical accounting policies. As such, comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments.” ASU 2016-15 clarifies and provides specific guidance on eight cash flow classification issues that are not currently addressed in U.S. GAAP and will thereby reduce the current diversity in practice. ASU 2016-15 is effective for public business entities for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early application permitted. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2018 without a material impact on its financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” (“ASU 2016-02”). The standard requires a lessee to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for leases with lease terms greater than 12 months. The standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, the effective date for the Company is January 1, 2019, with early application permitted. The adoption will require a modified retrospective approach for leases that exist or are entered after the beginning of the earliest period presented. The Company is currently evaluating the standard to determine the impact of the adoption on the consolidated financial statements.
The Company will adopt ASU 2016-02 as of January 1, 2019 and expects to utilize the expedients permitted under ASU 2016-02, which allow entities to retain the classification of lease contracts existing as of the date of adoption and ASU 2018-11 which relieves the entities from having to present prior comparative years’ results when adopting the standard and allows an entity to recognize the cumulative effect of applying the new standard to leased assets and liabilities as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.
The Company is continuing to assess the potential effects of this ASU, which have not yet been quantified, on its consolidated financial statements. The Company’s assessment, which it expects to substantially complete in the fourth quarter of 2018, includes a detailed review of the lease contracts and a comparison of its historical accounting policies and practices to the new standard. Based on the Company’s progress in reviewing its leasing arrangements across all of its business units, the Company expects to recognize incremental lease assets and liabilities on its consolidated balance sheets upon adoption of the standard.
This ASU is not expected to have a material effect on the amount of expense recognized in connection with the Company’s current leasing arrangements as compared to current practice; however, based on the Company’s preliminary review of its lease contracts to date, it anticipates that the amount of incremental lease assets and lease liabilities to be recognized upon adoption of this ASU will not be material. The Company’s expectations may change as its assessment progresses. For information about the Company’s future lease commitments as of December 31, 2017, see Note 12 – Commitments and Contingencies in the Company’s 2017 Form 10-K.
Securities and Exchange Commission Disclosure Update and Simplification
In August 2018, the SEC adopted the final rule under SEC Release No. 33-10532, Disclosure Update and Simplification, amending certain disclosure requirements that were redundant, duplicative, overlapping, outdated or superseded. In addition, the amendments expanded the disclosure requirements on the analysis of stockholders’ equity for interim financial statements. Under the amendments, an analysis of changes in each caption of stockholders’ equity presented in the balance sheet must be provided in a note or separate statement. The analysis should present a reconciliation of the beginning balance to the ending balance of each period for which a statement of comprehensive income is required to be filed. This final rule was effective on November 5, 2018. The Company is evaluating the impact of this guidance on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
Net (Loss) Earnings Per Common Share
Basic (loss) earnings per share is computed by dividing net(loss) earnings attributable to common stockholders (the numerator) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period (the denominator). Diluted net (loss) earnings per common share is computed by dividing net loss (earnings) attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period adjusted for the dilutive effects of common stock equivalents (the denominator), as calculated under the treasury stock method, which includes the potential effect of dilutive common stock equivalents, such as issued but unvested restricted shares. In periods when losses are reported, the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding excludes common stock equivalents because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive. The Company incurred losses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and the nine months ended September 30, 2017.
The Company had the following anti-dilutive common stock equivalents as calculated under the treasury stock method:
The above table excludes any common shares related to the convertible debt since such debt is only convertible at the then prevailing market price upon default.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef